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[ ARCHAELOGICAL TERRITORIES ]

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Design strategies for the formulation of temporal scenarios, a method applied to archaeological territories in Latin America. The cases include: Governor's Island in Guanabara Bay in Rio de Janeiro - Brazil, the City of Arica and Parinacota region in Chile, the City of Cachipay, La Mesa, and Anapoima in Colombia, the Copan Ruins in Honduras, the Iximché Ruins in Guatemala, and Uxmal and Xkalupocoh / Nohpat in the Puuc region of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico.

Presentation:
The research presents itself as a possibility for archaeological zones, exploring their spatial and territorial relationships, and their influences on macro and micro geography, being led towards improvement through their historical monumentality and impacts on adjoining areas. This enables the fostering of strategies that promote the "Sustainable Development Goals," facilitating new characteristics in territorial approach processes through the emergence of new models of spaces and infrastructures.
The selection of this theme is based on the historical importance and the influence of archaeological territories in Latin America, the geographical impacts, and their relationship between coastal areas, settlements, human settlements, and villages which lack interconnections. Despite being characterized as historical poles, they do not show economic or social development and are plagued by various problems throughout the 20th century.
The model allows for the expansion of capabilities in professional training and understanding, spatial comprehension, and morphological readings of archaeological zones through strategic planning, as potentials for the development of qualified human appropriations in their immediate surroundings and the formulation of territorial indicators present in historical sectors. The focus is established in areas where the archaeological and geographical relationship presents spatial qualities regarding the so-called built spaces that currently relate in areas with potential for regional development.
The research aims to apply strategies that enable the development of future project scenarios for territorial development, whose studies allow spatial and urban approaches of archaeological territories in Latin America. It promotes and fosters articulated networks between territorial characteristics present at the boundaries of archaeological territories, alongside geographies, new forms of urban appropriation, and support in the macro and microterritory through the application of methodological tools supported by spatial restructuring. This expands the capacity in edge zones through strategies that foster territorial improvement, formulating prospective and temporal scenarios of local development.

territoriais presentes nos setores históricos. O recorte se estabelece em áreas cuja relação arqueológica e geográfica, apresenta qualidades espaciais quanto aos denominados espaços construídos que se relacionam na atualidade em áreas potenciais para desenvolvimento regional.A pesquisa tem como objetivo aplicar estratégias que possibilitem desenvolver cenários projetuais futuros de desenvolvimento territorial, cujos estudos possibilitam abordagens espaciais e urbanas dos territórios arqueológicos na América Latina. Promovendo e fomentando redes articuladas entre características territoriais presentes nos limites dos territórios arqueológicos, junto a geografias, a novas formas de apropriação urbana e suporte no macro e microterritório por meio da aplicação de ferramentas metodológicas apoiadas na reestruturação espacial. Ampliando a capacidade nas zonas de borda por meio de estratégias que fomentem a melhoria territorial, formulando cenários prospectivos e temporais de desenvolvimento local.

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CARTAS CONVITE

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DIÁLOGOS E PALESTRAS

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PRIMER FORO - ESTRATEGIAS PROYECTUALES EN TERRITORIOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS

JUNHO 2024

WORKSHOPS - RIO DE JANEIRO, HONDURAS AND GUATEMALA

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México

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Programação Rio de Janeiro

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Programação Honduras

Programação Guatemala

EXPOSIÇÕES

YUCATÁN, MÉXICO

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REGISTROS DE EVENTOS DE EXTENSÃO UNIVERSITÁRIA

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Honduras

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Guatemala

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Rio de Janeiro

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Rio de Janeiro

GOVERNOR'S ISLAND, IN GUANABARA'S BAY IN RIO DE JANEIRO - BRAZIL

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This archaeological zone, due to its proximity to a consolidated territory and following the disaster at the National Museum in Rio, stands as a real hypothesis to establish new parameters for scientific production in terms of recognition, mapping, structuring, and territorial rearrangement, and methods for analyzing territories stemming from early human occupations on the continent.

Structurally, the territory is characterized by a perimeter that is significantly urbanized, which in remote periods was used by a population of hunter-gatherers, giving rise to the Sambaqui zones present in Brazilian territories. It is crucial to note that the archaeological territory includes 10 archaeological sites, forming zones of villages, occupying regions near the maritime edge.

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Estruturalmente o território se caracteriza por um perímetro significativamente urbanizado, que em períodos remotos fora utilizado por população formada por caçadorescoletores, dando origem as zonas de Sambaquis presentes nos territórios brasileiros. É fundamental apontar que o território arqueológico consta com 10 sítios arqueológicos, conformando zonas de aldeias, ocupando regiões próximas a borda marítima.

VÍDEO 1 

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VÍDEO 2 

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VÍDEO 3 

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VÍDEO 4 

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ARICA CITY, ARICA E PARINACOTA REGION - CHILE

The approach in this territory along the Pacific coast of Chile includes settlements and archaeological records of the Chinchorro culture, characterized by the discovery of a significant number of mummies and various traces of the local culture. Notable findings from this region include petroglyphs present in the area of Arica, known as Pukará San Lorenzo, as well as rock art considered to be from the so-called middle period.
These findings have been designated as a World Heritage site by UNESCO, due to the mummification techniques and the care taken in conserving the bodies, reflecting the type of funerary practices, material handling, and preservation employed.
Regarding archaeological values, it is possible to highlight the art produced through pottery that characterizes the people known as "Pueblos del Norte Verde," forming a tradition in the production of the so-called "Diaguitas" pottery.
This society is characterized by its occupation of the coastal edge, typically fisherfolk, using materials of mineral and animal origin, who mastered deep-sea diving, allowing them to construct semi-permanent settlements utilizing the geography including rivers and streams.

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CIDADE DE CACHIPAY, LA MESA E ANAPOIMA - COLÔMBIA

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Over 20,000 years ago, the first human beings arrived in America, and they were very different from the indigenous peoples the Spanish encountered in the 16th century. During that time, they undoubtedly experienced changes in their culture, environment, and society, diversifying activities, migrating to different territories occupied by other groups, mixing among clans and ethnic groups. This meant that cultures were changing, as well as their technologies, the materials used, their manufacture and use, and even their relationships with the surrounding environment.

Beyond the Natural Landscape of the Tequendama Territory that still exists, traces of the settlements of the Panches Culture—indigenous warriors who fiercely defended their territory—are the silent witnesses of Petroglyphs, rock engravings, and stone inscriptions, artistic expressions that record the history of myths, rituals, and ways of life. Petroglyphs are the contact of present generations with their past, serving as a window for understanding their worldview and contributing to indigenous cultural identity. Their preservation is essential to keep this invaluable heritage alive.
In addition to the Petroglyphs, there are still some roads opened by the indigenous people and paved during the conquest, bridges that have survived the passage of time, which were spaces for trading products with the Muisca, who governed the lands of the Bogotá savanna. Therefore, they opened trails in the midst of the mountains. Besides trading gold for salt, these trails led them to their payment sites, such as lagoons nestled in mountain ranges.
We must also mention the historical landmark of the Train and its Railway, all the cultural evolution that intruded into the Natural and Cultural Landscape of the Panche Territory, now the Province of Tequendama, with its Coffee Farms previously inhabited by Presidents, republican architecture of local houses, technology, fashion, and artifacts from the European industrial explosion of the 18th and 19th centuries; the presence of settlements of Germans, Jews, and other foreigners during these centuries; and even museums with mastodon fossils are some of the historical relics hidden in the municipalities of the lower Bogotá river basin, places that clearly reveal the pollution of their waters.

Não podemos deixar de mencionar, o marco Histórico que foi o Trem e sua Ferrovia, toda a evolução cultural que teve sua intrusão na Paisagem Natural e Cultural do Território Panche hoje Província de Tequendama, com suas Fazendas de Café anteriormente habitadas por Presidentes, arquitetura republicana das casas locais, tecnologia, moda e artefatos da explosão industrial europeia dos séculos XVIII e XIX; presença de assentamentos de alemães, judeus e outros estrangeiros durante esses séculos; e até museus com fósseis de mastodontes, são algumas das relíquias históricas escondidas nos municípios da bacia baixa do rio Bogotá, locais que deixam clara a poluição de suas águas